Female reproductive system

The female reproductive system consists of a pair of ovaries, a pair of oviducts (or fallopian tubes), uterus and vagina. A pair of ovaries lies in the lower part of the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the body. Ovaries produce ova and secrete female sex hormones, oestrogen and progesterone. The process of formation of egg in the ovary is known as oogenesis. There is a pair of oviducts or fallopian tubes in the human female reproductive system. One end of each oviduct is funnel-shapped. It collects the eggs released by the ovary. Both fallopian tubes open into the uterus. The uterus is a pear-shaped, muscular, thick-walled organ. the lower end of the uterus opens into the vagina that opens to the outside by a genital opening. Vagina is the organ where the penis is inserted during coitus for the discharge of semen. It serves as the birth canal during childbirth. In a human female, the urethra and the genital duct have separate openings.


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